I love the definition of a customer that I saw in a marketing textbook some years ago: "A customer is someone who has yet to find a better alternative." With all of the competition out there, both from within the horticulture industry and from outside it, your customers are bombarded with a myriad of choices on how and what to spend their time, effort and dollars. And the customers choice cant be taken for granted: If they vote in your favor this time, it doesnt necessarily mean that theyll vote your way again next time all youve done is set the choice bar a little bit higher, and you need to continue exceeding it versus your competition.
The challenge, then, is to ensure that you are that better alternative for the customer on a consistent basis.
What are customers really looking for? Are they comparing when they are considering a purchase decision? Get beyond the products you offer and try thinking with a customers mindset, looking at things through their eyes what are the fundamental drivers in their decision to buy or not buy? Though you may hear many different answers to this question, its my opinion that the whole decision process boils down to four things. If you deliver on these points, you can turn a customer into a loyal consumer.
Solutions. People buy because they believe you (or the product or service you sell) can respond to a problem or need they have. This "need" can be what brought them to your store or something they identified while in your store after seeing the product or service displayed. Its basically an impulse purchase.
Confidence. People have to believe that the product or service you sell them will work and meet their expectations of performance. This confidence can be a "wish" or a "hope" that they can follow the directions, or it can be based on their past, positive experiences.
Success. People dont want to be disappointed with their purchases; they want to feel good about what their purchase accomplished for them.
Satisfaction. What Im talking about is the positive feeling one gets from the entire transactional experience and the product/service performance from the moment the customer decides to enter your store to the time they sit back and enjoy the beauty of the plants in their yard.
Customer v. Consumer
So whats the difference between a customer and a consumer? A customer is someone who just buys a plant, many times a purchasing decision based on price value. A consumer is someone who is looking for the total package solutions, confidence, success and satisfaction someone who is open to being convinced that, to best satisfy her needs and expectations, she may look beyond simple price value. This person will reward the provider of this "total package" with future and repeat purchases. My delineation between a customer and a consumer may walk a fine line with many of you, but I truly believe there is a difference one that can change the way you look at the things you do. One that can tremendously differentiate you from your competition and build a loyal consumer base.
Let me give you an example of two approaches that may help demonstrate the difference between customers and consumers.
Orchids have recently become a very popular plant, even in the mass market, but they are plants that carry some baggage: People still believe that orchids are difficult to maintain, that you need specialized expertise and knowledge to grow them. And I agree that the little instruction booklets that many growers are now affixing to the plants provide much more information than is available with other types of plants. But in the case of a retailer who is just selling the plant, what is the likelihood of success and satisfaction for the person who buys the orchid and simply follows the directions provided, especially when they have no confidence in their abilities?
Compare this with the retailer who sells the same orchid plant with the same information guide, but merchandises the plant in a display with a book on orchids, orchid food, moss, a wood crate for planting and orchid planting mix. This retailer is not just selling a plant; with the tools or accessories that will increase the likelihood of that purchaser being more successful and satisfied with their orchid purchase, this retailer is also selling confidence.
This second retailer accomplished two objectives. The first was thinking like a consumer, understanding that they do not have the knowledge that you do, that there are some feelings of inadequacy on their part that had to be compensated for. And selfishly, this retailer understood that by taking a "project-based" approach to merchandising, he increased the opportunity to leverage the total transaction value as well as the profit value (since the hardline items in the display usually carry a higher margin than the plant itself). Granted, these hardline items are probably carried in all retail stores, but in most cases, theyre spread all over the orchid mix with the soils, the food with the fertilizers and the books in another part of the store. We dont make it easy for the customer especially for the novice buyer, who doesnt know what is needed to be successful to purchase these accessories.
Too many times, we lay out our stores and set merchandise adjacencies and displays based on what is most convenient and efficient for us to manage and operate, rather than for the benefit of our consumers. Im convinced that our stores would look very, very different if we laid them out with a consumers perspective in mind!
So my challenge to you this month is to start thinking like and for your consumer. I think youll be amazed at how much opportunity there is to convert customers to consumers and increase your top and bottom lines at the same time.